Muscles anal sphincters that surround the anal canal relax to allow waste to leave your body. Anal cancer is an uncommon type of cancer that occurs in the anal canal. The anal canal is a short tube at the end of your rectum through which stool leaves your body. Most people with anal cancer are treated with a combination of chemotherapy and radiation. Though combining anal cancer treatments increases the chance of a cure, the combined treatments also increase the risk of side effects. Talk to your doctor about any signs and symptoms that bother you, especially if you have any factors that increase your risk of anal cancer. Anal cancer forms when a genetic mutation turns normal, healthy cells into abnormal cells. Healthy cells grow and multiply at a set rate, eventually dying at a set time. Abnormal cells grow and multiply out of control, and they don't die. The accumulating abnormal cells form a mass tumor.
Symptoms of anal cancer
About Anal Cancer
Anal cancer is a type of cancer that forms in tissues of the anus. The anus is the opening of the rectum to the outside of the body and at the end of the GI tract. Sometimes anal cancer causes no symptoms at all. But bleeding is often the first sign of the disease.
Anal cancer symptoms
Back to Health A to Z. Anal cancer is a rare type of cancer that affects the anus the end of the bowel. The symptoms of anal cancer are often similar to more common and less serious conditions affecting the anus, such as piles haemorrhoids and small tears or sores called anal fissures. See a GP if you develop any of these symptoms. While they're unlikely to be caused by anal cancer, it's best to get them checked out. They may feel your tummy and carry out a rectal examination. This involves your doctor inserting a gloved finger into your bottom so they can feel any abnormalities.
Early detection of anal cancer is common because these tumors develop in a part of the digestive tract that doctors are able to see and reach. More than half of patients with anal cancer experience rectal bleeding, which is often the first indication of the disease. Symptoms of anal tumors may be similar to benign conditions, such as hemorrhoids, fissures, fistulas and anal warts. Other common symptoms of anal cancer , in addition to rectal bleeding, may include:.